Hakuna Matata or Hard-Knock Life: What is Your Responsibility?

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Area: Film, History and Social Studies, Music
Grade Level: Primary/Elementary School
Topics: ethics, Fairness, morality, responsibility
Estimated Time Necessary: 45-60 minutes

Lesson Plan

Thinking together about personal and social responsibility.


  1. Watch the videos ahead of time and review the potential discussion questions below.
  2. Tell children that you are going to show them two videos and you want them to pay attention to the messages of the songs.
  3. Show “Hakuna Matata” video to children, followed by “It’s a Hard Knock Life.”
  4. After the video has ended, take one minute of quiet reflection for them to write down any questions that arose for them.
  5. Ask students to share questions, and write them on the board.
  6. Invite students to vote on which question to discuss.
  7. If students have difficulty coming up with questions, you can use ideas in the Discussion Questions tab.
  8. To close the conversation, the facilitator should summarize main points that arose throughout the discussion and recognize whether the class came to a consensus or not.

Discussion Questions

  • What is responsibility?
  • What responsibilities, if any, do we have to other people?
  • Does everyone have the same responsibilities? Why or why not?
  • Do we have responsibilities to ourselves first or to other people? Why?
  • What is fairness?
  • Is it important to make the world fair? Why or why not?
  • How are responsibilities and worries related? Are they the same?
  • Can you exist in the world without worry? If so, how? If not, why not?


This lesson plan was created for PLATO by: Lena Quijano and Sarah Vitale.

This work is licensed under CC BY-NC-ND 4.0

If you would like to change or adapt any of PLATO's work for public use, please feel free to contact us for permission at info@plato-philosophy.org.