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From the PLATO Philosopher's Toolkit


The Gaze: Power and Resistance in Flim

The Gaze: Power and Resistance in Film Read “The Oppositional Gaze” for homework the day before class.  It’s fairly long ad challenging.  Watch the 19 minute film.  This material explores the way what Sartre calls “The Gaze” operates in films,

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Can We be Authentic in Everyday Life?

“Republic of Silence,” by Jean-Paul Sartre Jean-Paul Sartre came to define post-war Existentialism.  In this prominent editorial published shortly after the occupation ended, Sartre articulates both the context to his views and the suggestion that everyday life may present even

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Can anyone make art?

In 2007 an independent film came out entitled “My Kid could paint that.”  It followed the art career of a four year old, Marla Olmstead,  living in Binghamton, NY who took the art world by storm.  Many of her canvases

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Beauty–thinking about

Beauty: In the eye of the beholder or is there something more to it? This unit invites high school students to explore the meaning of “beauty”. Source Materials: Plato’s Symposium (available in many editions) Crispin Sartwell’s Six Names of Beauty

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The Demarcation Problem and Falsifiability

Popper on Falsifiability One of the practical consequences of the Scientific Revolution was a suggestion that one should only believe things that are both true and justified. Eventually, there was even the proposal by mathematician William Clifford that it is

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Scientific Realism and the Weird World

Brief Reading: On Scientific Realism by Pierre Cruse On Scientific Realism by Pierre Cruse One of the most fundamental questions involved in the Philosophy of Science involves the problem of Scientific Realism. It asks us to think about the status

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What is a Human Being?

The first half of Brave New World  by Aldous Huxley depicts a socially programmed society in which advances in science and technology have created a world full of people who are biologically human but may not be fully human in other

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James Joyce’s “Araby”: Coming out of the Cave

“Araby” is one of the most widely taught short stories from James Joyce’s Dubliners. Told in the first person from the perspective of a boy in his early teens who has an infatuation with a neighborhood girl (Mangan’s sister), “Araby”

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