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From the PLATO Philosopher's Toolkit


Arguments and Philosophical Reasoning

Materials needed Chalkboard or whiteboard Computer and projector or equipment to watch short video clips from the web   Introduction This lesson can be used at any time in a philosophy course, for a meeting of a philosophy club or

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Logic Charades

Materials needed Props and costumes (not necessary but fun) for enacting any of the skits Construction paper and markers to make signs Copies of the handout (see Supplemental Materials section below).   Description: An argument is a deductive argument when

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Convince your Teacher/Principal

Introduction What is an argument?   An argument consists of a set of reasons that are given with the intention of persuading someone else that a particular action or idea is right or wrong, good or bad, desirable or undesirable,

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Activity: What’s Your Reason?

This game involves students writing down claims supported by reasons and then guessing each others’ claims after listening only to the reasons.   Hand out four note cards (or note-card sized pieces of paper) to each student. Ask them to

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Activity: Keep the Question Going

This game involves students generating questions collaboratively. The exercise runs easily for about ten minutes and can go for a half hour or more with discussion. It is often a good exercise to use early in the year, as it

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The Demarcation Problem and Falsifiability

Popper on Falsifiability One of the practical consequences of the Scientific Revolution was a suggestion that one should only believe things that are both true and justified. Eventually, there was even the proposal by mathematician William Clifford that it is

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